What’s Delta 9 THC? (Greatest CBD Oil With THC)

0
29


Warning: Not like most of our different guides, these merchandise have psychoactive results and comprise greater than the federal restrict of 0.3% THC. Ensure you’re acquainted with your native hashish legal guidelines earlier than you place an order.

Greatest CBD Oil With THC

What’s Delta 9 THC?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol — it’s the first psychoactive part in marijuana that makes customers excessive.

THC works by activating particular receptors within the mind concerned with reminiscence, urge for food, visible and auditory notion, coordination, and far more. By interacting with these receptors, THC has an impact on all these processes — ensuing within the attribute excessive produced by marijuana.

There are two sorts of THC — delta 9 THC and delta 8 THC.

Delta 9 THC (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the first cannabinoid in marijuana crops — accounting for as much as 25% of the plant’s weight. Delta 8 THC (Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol) is roughly half as robust and current in a lot decrease concentrations (lower than 1%).

Whenever you hear about THC, most individuals are referring to the delta 9 THC.

Fast Reference: Delta 9 THC

  • THC is the predominant cannabinoid in marijuana crops
  • THC is produced in very low concentrations in hemp crops
  • THC is the lively ingredient that makes the person really feel excessive
  • THC has a wide range of medical advantages that vary from sleep-supportive to painkilling
  • There are two sorts of THC — delta 9 and delta 8 THC
  • THC is against the law in most components of the world (see beneath for exceptions)

What Are the Advantages of THC?

THC has many confirmed well being advantages. There are even a number of pharmaceutical corporations creating THC-based medicines (GW Prescription drugs and Greenwich Biosciences). These medicines are being developed to supply reputable remedy to sufferers with power ache, poor urge for food, glaucoma, epilepsy, and extra.

The Advantages of THC Embrace:

  • Alleviates power ache
  • Helps neurological perform in sufferers with nerve issues (comparable to MS)
  • Reduces irritation
  • Sleep-supportive (in decrease doses)
  • Stimulant (in larger doses)
  • Reduces intraocular stress to alleviate glaucoma ache
  • Stimulates the urge for food

What Does THC Really feel Like?

The excessive from utilizing THC merchandise can differ lots from one individual to the following. Components comparable to dose, tolerance, and the pressure of marijuana used can all dramatically alter the expertise.

Whereas below the consequences of THC, you could really feel euphoria, elevated motivation, a sense of wakefulness, giddiness, starvation, creativity, and adjustments in visible and auditory notion.

The THC excessive can really feel very calming and enjoyable, however it will probably additionally set off nervousness and paranoia. One of the simplest ways to make sure your expertise stays constructive is to keep away from utilizing an excessive amount of THC and solely utilizing it in a spot you are feeling snug and protected. Even minor stress triggers can result in nervousness whereas below the consequences of marijuana.

Many individuals use THC to assist stimulate the artistic thought course of, calm down the thoughts after a aggravating day of labor (in low doses), or as a remedy for particular medical circumstances like power nerve ache, poor urge for food, or glaucoma.

Delta 9 THC Security

THC is a really protected compound. There has bever been a single reported case of an overdose on THC — regardless of it being some of the standard psychoactive compounds on the earth.

The poisonous dose of THC is so excessive, the one solution to attain this dose is by injecting a number of milliliters of pure THC into the physique. It’s just about unattainable to attain a deadly dose by smoking or consuming THC. An older toxicology examine gave canine and monkeys 9000 mg of THC per kg of physique weight with none deadly results [1].

The smoke inhalation would kill you lengthy earlier than you ever reached a poisonous dose of THC.

Regardless of the spectacular bodily security profile of THC, there are some psychological risks to pay attention to.

There have been experiences of THC in marijuana aggravating pre-existing psychiatric issues comparable to schizophrenia or psychosis. It’s not thought-about protected to make use of THC merchandise in the event you or a detailed member of the family has been identified with both of those circumstances.

What Are the Aspect-Results of THC?

Not all the consequences of THC are fascinating. It’s widespread for individuals utilizing THC to expertise negative effects like nervousness or paranoia — particularly the primary couple of occasions.

Some THC merchandise usually tend to trigger nervousness than others. Merchandise that comprise very excessive THC, low CBD, or stimulating terpenes are more likely to set off nervousness episodes — particularly in vulnerable individuals.

THC merchandise that comprise a wide range of different cannabinoids and enjoyable terpenes have a way more balanced impact and are much less prone to result in panic or nervousness.

Sure cannabinoids have been proven to offset these detrimental results from THC — comparable to CBC, CBD, and delta 8 THC.

Aspect Results of THC Might Embrace:

  • Anxiousness
  • Paranoia
  • Excessive or low blood stress
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Insomnia (particularly excessive doses)

What’s the Dose of Delta 9 THC?

The optimum dose of THC varies from one individual to the following. Components comparable to your age, weight, tolerance stage, and desired stage of results can all have an effect on the optimum dose.

The tactic of utilizing THC additionally impacts the dose. For instance, oral types of THC (comparable to tinctures or gummies) require a better dose than vaping or smoking. The absorption from inhaled CBD is far larger than it’s for edible types.

Listed below are some common dosage tips for THC merchandise primarily based on the specified stage of results:

Desired Dosage Dose For Edible THC Dose For Inhaled THC Anticipated Degree of Results
Low Dose 1 – 2.5 mg 1 mg delicate excessive, sedation, pain-relief, little to no perceptual adjustments
Average Dose 2.5 – 15 mg 5 mg moderate-high, euphoria, delicate adjustments in notion
Excessive Dose 15 – 30 mg 15 mg robust excessive, euphoria, stimulation, clear notion adjustments
Very-Excessive Dose Over 30 mg Over 20 mg very robust excessive, euphoria, nervousness, stimulation, a powerful shift in notion

Your dimension and weight can dramatically have an effect on the dose. THC is fat-soluble, so the upper the fats content material you may have, the extra THC that you must produce the identical results.

A typical dose of edible THC based on weight:

  • 100 lbs — 2–10 mg
  • 120 lbs — 2.4–12 mg
  • 140 lbs —  2.8–14 mg
  • 160 lbs —  3.2–16 mg
  • 180 lbs — 3.6–18 mg
  • 200 lbs — 4–20 mg
  • 220 lbs — 4.4–22 mg
  • 240 lbs — 4.8–24 mg
  • 260 lbs — 5.2–26 mg
  • 280 lbs — 5.6–28 mg
  • 300 lbs — 6–30 mg

Different components, comparable to particular person genetics, metabolism, and tolerance, may have an effect on the affect of THC on the physique. As much as 3% of persons are hypersensitive to the consequences of THC. For these individuals, a really low dose (1 or 2 mg) of THC must be greater than sufficient to have psychoactive side-effects.

READ  CBD Information Summary: Us Senate Passes CBD as well as Cannabis Research Study Growth Act

How To Calculate the THC Content material in Marijuana

In the event you’re utilizing uncooked marijuana flowers, the dose is usually a little bit tricker to find out — however with some simple arithmetic, we are able to discover out with a excessive diploma of accuracy what number of grams or milligrams of weed you need to use to attain a sure dose of THC.

Most sources of hemp or marijuana flower may have a particular share of THC listed. You’ll be able to usually discover this info on the corporate web site immediately — different occasions you could must verify the certificates of research or third-party take a look at to search out this quantity. It must be listed in a share of complete THC.

If the whole THC content material isn’t listed, you’ll want to mix the THC and THCA content material. These two types of THC aren’t an identical in weight — THC is roughly 87% of the load of THCA. So the method can be [0.87 * THCA%] + [THC%] = Whole THC%.

Upon getting the whole THC share, yow will discover out precisely how a lot weed in grams you want for the specified dose. Right here’s the method:

[desired dose of THC in grams] / [percentage of THC] = equal dose of marijuana in grams

For instance, in case you have buds that comprises 25% THC by weight, and also you need a dose of fifty mg (0.05 g) THC, the method would seem like this:

[0.05 grams THC desired dose] / [0.25 THC] = [0.2 grams of flower]

THC is against the law in most components of the world. There are a number of exceptions, comparable to Canada, which legalized all hashish for leisure functions again in 2018. In the US, THC stays listed as a Schedule I drug on a federal stage  — however a number of states have already opted to bypass this with native state legal guidelines that let the sale and consumption of merchandise that comprise THC.

THC is the primary differentiator between authorized hashish and unlawful (drug) hashish. Any Hashish sativa plant that comprises greater than 0.3% THC by dried weight is taken into account marijuana — which is strictly regulated all around the world — even in locations the place it’s authorized to buy with no medical license.

Vegetation that make 0.3% THC or much less are categorized as hemp — which is authorized in most international locations.

Some international locations haven’t formally legalized marijuana merchandise however have decriminalized them — which implies you gained’t get arrested for possessing private quantities, however you possibly can nonetheless get a tremendous and can possible have your merchandise confiscated.

US States The place Marijuana is Authorized For Leisure & Medicinal Use:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • Oregon
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • Washington

International locations The place Marijuana (and THC) Are Authorized:

  • Argentina (medical solely)
  • Australia (medical solely)
  • Barbados (medical solely)
  • Bermuda (medical solely)
  • Canada (leisure & medical)
  • Chile (medical solely)
  • Croatia (medical solely)
  • Cyprus (medical solely)
  • Czech Republic (medical solely)
  • Denmark (medical solely)
  • Ecuador (medical solely)
  • Greece (medical solely)
  • Eire (medical solely)
  • Jamaica (medical solely)
  • Lebanon (medical solely)
  • Lithuania (medical solely)
  • Malta (medical solely)
  • Netherlands (medical solely)
  • New Zealand (medical solely)
  • Norway (medical solely)
  • Poland (medical solely)
  • Portugal (medical solely)
  • Switzerland (medical solely)
  • Thailand (medical solely)
  • Uruguay (leisure and medical)

THC vs. CBD

THC and CBD (cannabidiol) are very carefully associated. They each share precisely the identical variety of atoms of their chemical construction — 21 carbon, 30 hydrogen, and a pair of oxygen atoms.

The association of those atoms within the chemical construction is what offers every cannabinoid its attribute results.

The principle distinction between CBD and THC is the psychoactive impact profile. CBD is totally non-psychoactive, whereas THC has a powerful psychoactive impact profile.

There are different delicate variations too. For instance, CBD is a significantly better anti-anxiety and sedative agent than THC and has urge for food suppressant exercise. THC can also be a lot much less anxiolytic however a stronger antidepressant.

CBD & THC Have the Similar Origins

Each compounds are constituted of the identical precursor — a compound referred to as CBG (cannabigerol). Relying on the person genetics of the plant, totally different enzymes turn into lively and convert CBG into both CBD or THC. There’s additionally one other cannabinoid that may be created referred to as CBC (cannabichromene), however each hemp and marijuana solely make this compound in small quantities. 

Hemp strains have considerably extra enzymes that create the non-psychoactive CBD molecule — whereas marijuana crops convert a lot of the CBD into THC.

CBD and THC each work together with the identical receptors (CB1 & CB2 receptors), however the way in which they have an effect on these receptors is totally different. CBD modulates the receptor in ways in which make it simpler for our endogenous cannabinoids to work. That is what makes CBD such a robust regulator for the physique — quite than inflicting a particular impact or change within the physique.

THC, however, immediately prompts these receptors — which causes a change within the physique that results in the psychoactive results.

Evaluating Delta 9 THC with CBD — Aspect-By-Aspect:

Metrics CBD (Cannabidiol) Delta 9 THC
Psychoactivity None Average-Excessive
Value £ £
Focus in Hemp As much as 25% <0.3%
Receptors CB1 & CB2 CB1 & CB2
Typical Dose 10–40 mg 5 – 20 mg
Results on Urge for food Suppressant Stimulant
Anxiousness Aspect-Results None Delicate to Average
Legality Authorized Unlawful or Medical-Solely

Does CBD Oil Include THC?

Some CBD merchandise comprise THC — nonetheless, most comprise solely hint quantities and stay completely authorized and non-psychoactive.

Most CBD merchandise are constituted of hemp crops. Hemp is used for 2 causes:

  • Hemp-derived CBD is authorized in most components of the phrase; marijuana-derived CBD is just not
  • Hemp-derived CBD is extra environment friendly to make as a result of it comprises larger concentrations of CBD

Due to this fact, most CBD merchandise comprise lower than 0.3% THC — which isn’t sufficient to have any psychoactive results.

Whereas unlikely, even hint quantities of THC in a CBD oil might register on a drug take a look at.

The one CBD merchandise that don’t comprise any THC are CBD isolates or broad-spectrum extracts. These merchandise have gone by way of further processes to take away all traces of THC from the ultimate product.

Understanding Cannabinoid Ratios (1:1, 4:1, 10:1, and many others.)

Hashish merchandise that comprise each CBD and THC usually use a ratio of those two cannabinoids. That is normally introduced as one thing like 1:1, 4:1, 20:1, or 40:1 — however there will be any mixture of numbers.

READ  CBD vs. Kava: Which is Better & Exactly How Do They Contrast?

Some corporations will differ, however the trade commonplace is to say the ratio by way of CBD to THC — the primary quantity is CBD, the second THC.

So a ratio of 4:1 signifies that for each 4 milligrams of CBD, there’s 1 milligram of THC.

Merchandise which have a better ratio of CBD to THC may have a milder psychoactive impact as a result of there’s much less THC within the method.

Don’t get confused when corporations use numbers like 10:10 — that is only a advertising approach to make it seem to be there’s extra CBD and THC within the method. In actuality, a ten:10 ratio is the very same as saying 1:1, 2:2, or 100:100.

The place to Discover CBD Oils With THC

There are instances the place it’s useful to make use of merchandise that comprise each THC and CBD collectively. Whereas these merchandise are prone to have psychoactive results and might not be authorized in your space — there are clear benefits to utilizing merchandise that comprise each cannabinoids.

One of many few pharmaceutical merchandise constituted of cannabinoids comprises a mix of CBD and THC at a 1:1 ratio. This mediation — referred to as Sativex® — has already been proven to supply clear enhancements in the direction of ache, irritation, nervousness, and far more.

Simply concentrate on your native legal guidelines earlier than you make an order for CBD merchandise that comprise psychoactive doses of THC.

A number of of the very best manufacturers we’ve discovered to date that embrace THC of their oils, capsules, and concentrates embrace:

Delta 9 THC vs. Delta 8 THC: What’s The Distinction?

There are two totally different varieties of THC — delta 9 and delta 8 THC.

Each of those compounds are fully an identical apart from one delicate distinction — the placement of a double bond within the chemical method.

That’s it.

Delta 8 has a double bond on the eighth carbon chain, whereas delta 9 has this bond on the ninth carbon.

This delicate distinction is sufficient to change the rules for these compounds in addition to the impact profiles.

Delta 8 THC is taken into account to have roughly half the psychoactive results as delta 9 THC and is far much less prone to trigger nervousness as a facet impact. This cannabinoid has additionally managed to flee a lot of the rules surrounding THC. Many corporations are promoting delta 8 THC extracts as a “authorized” excessive — nonetheless, some international locations and US states have adopted particular legal guidelines to ban the sale and use of delta 8 THC below the identical rules as delta 9 THC.

The opposite important distinction between these types of THC is their predominance within the plant.

Delta 8 THC isn’t immediately manufactured by hashish. It types naturally as delta 9 THC degrades. There aren’t any enzymes that make delta 8 THC within the plant. In consequence, this cannabinoid is current in considerably decrease concentrations and makes it unattainable for plant breeders to develop strains of marijuana or hemp which might be naturally excessive on this cannabinoid.

The typical delta 9 THC content material in marijuana flowers is round 15%. This compares to the common focus of delta 8 THC, which is lower than 1%.

Varieties of Delta 9 THC Merchandise

THC merchandise can be found in all the identical product varieties as CBD.

Fashionable THC merchandise embrace THC oils, vape oils, and vape pens, capsules, gummies, concentrates, and uncooked marijuana flowers.

1. Marijuana Tinctures

A marijuana or THC tincture takes the identical idea as a CBD oil — however with psychoactive marijuana crops as an alternative.

Tinctures are fast and handy to make use of, enable for exact customized dosing and are an environment friendly and long-lasting approach of utilizing THC.

To make use of these merchandise, measure the specified dose utilizing the dropper constructed into the lid and add it to a drink. For quicker onset of results, maintain the oil below your tongue for a number of moments. The THC will diffuse immediately into the bloodstream by way of the microcapillaries beneath your tongue.

Tinctures are available in all totally different sizes and potencies. You’ll be able to calculate the efficiency by taking the whole THC or CBD listed on the bottle and divide that by the amount of the oil.

For instance, a 30 mL (1 oz) bottle of THC oil that comprises 300 mg THC in complete delivers roughly 10 mg of THC per milliliter of oil (300 / 30 = 10).

One full dropper is equal to 1 mL of oil. So if you’d like a 5 mg dose of THC, you need to use half a dropper. For a 20 mg dose, use two droppers.

2. Marijuana Concentrates

Concentrates are one other standard type of THC.  You’ll be able to order pure THC merchandise or full-spectrum hemp or marijuana concentrates. For THC, you’ll must supply marijuana-based concentrates.

Concentrates come within the type of pastes, shatters, waxes, and budder. The variations between these concentrates depend on the opposite elements included within the last product. Resins, for instance, comprise numerous different cannabinoids, terpenes, fatty acids, and waxes. It has a thick, syrupy consistency.

Shatters have had a few of these elements eliminated, giving it a thicker consistency. A shatter will stay strong till it’s heated.

3. THC Marijuana Flower

Marijuana flower is the oldest type of utilizing THC. They’re low cost and comprise your entire vary of compounds produced within the plant. This consists of numerous cannabinoids, terpenes, phytosterols, fatty acids, minerals, and far more.

To make use of flowers, you possibly can both smoke them, vape them, or use them because the beginning product to make your individual tinctures and extracts.

We suggest utilizing a dry herb vaporizer to make use of marijuana flowers. These gadgets warmth the flower to the purpose the place cannabinoids begin to vaporize into the air however don’t get scorching sufficient for combustion to happen.

Combustion is dangerous for a number of causes; it destroys most of the lively substances, together with THC, and it releases a wide range of dangerous chemical byproducts comparable to carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and numerous carcinogenic hydrocarbons.

4. THC Gummies

Gummies are one other standard type of utilizing THC. They’re made by extracting and concentrating the lively THC and infusing it right into a fruity gummy sweet base.

These merchandise are standard as a result of they’re straightforward to make use of, present constant doses in every bit, and masks the flavour of marijuana (which some individuals dislike).

THC gummies normally present a particular dose of THC in every bit — comparable to 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, or 20 mg every.

To achieve the specified dose, you possibly can simply depend the variety of gummies wanted or break up gummies into halves or quarters to attain the specified dose.

Medicinal Makes use of of THC

Over the previous 50 years, there’s been a variety of analysis on the consequences of THC. Most of this analysis helps the concept THC has reputable medical worth.

READ  Is the Cold Reaching You? Discover Exactly How CBD Can Aid

Listed below are among the highlights of this analysis on the medical use of THC:

1. THC & Anxiousness

Not like CBD, the affect of THC on nervousness ranges is very dose-dependent. In decrease doses (7.5 mg), THC has been proven to have a constructive affect on nervousness — serving to customers calm down and unwind. Larger doses (12.5 mg and up) have the exact opposite impact, resulting in larger perceived stress and nervousness ranges.

Researchers on the College of Chicago and the College of Illinois have been exploring the affect of THC on stress and nervousness for years. A number of the current findings present low dose THC (sub-psychoactive dose) decreased a number of indicators of stress and nervousness in a public-speaking take a look at. The identical examine confirmed that larger doses of THC (psychoactive dose) had the alternative impact — resulting in elevated nervousness ranges.

The opposite type of THC (delta-8-THC) is far much less prone to result in nervousness, even in larger doses.

2. THC & Epileptic Seizures

One of many important areas of focus for THC extracts is on epileptic issues and seizures. It’s because cannabis-derived merchandise are some of the promising remedy choices for epilepsy presently out there [3].

Epilepsy could be very troublesome to deal with, and there are a number of pharmaceutical choices out there — none of that are notably efficient. Roughly 30% of sufferers handled for epilepsy proceed to have seizures [2].

Moreover, most of those medicines include extreme side-effects of their very own — generally outweighing the advantages of the remedy itself.

Each THC and CBD have been proven to cut back epileptic seizures in sufferers affected by numerous types of epilepsy. With that stated, CBD continues to be thought-about the first anti-seizure part within the hashish plant.

There are presently two cannabis-derived pharmaceutical merchandise which were authorized for the remedy of epilepsy — Epidoliex (primarily based on CBD) and Sativex (a 1:1 mixture of THC and CBD).

3. THC & Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the second main reason behind blindness all over the world. This situation refers to a gaggle of illnesses affecting the optic nerve positioned in the back of the attention.

The most typical symptom of glaucoma is elevated ocular stress (IOP) — resulting in ache, alteration within the form of the attention, and imaginative and prescient loss.

THC and artificial analogs have have been proven to supply clear enchancment in glaucoma signs [4].

One examine gave sufferers experiencing elevated intraocular stress a single dose of THC (5 mg) [5]. Members on this examine famous a dramatic discount in IOP ache lasting 3 hours.

Different research testing the impact of CBD on glaucoma have discovered the alternative — CBD not solely doesn’t enhance glaucoma, it might additionally really make signs worse. Nonetheless, merchandise containing each THC and CBD (comparable to uncooked marijuana flower) have been proven to supply dramatic enhancements in glaucoma signs.

4. THC & Most cancers

Marijuana has been revered as a pure anti-cancer agent for many years. Nonetheless, there have by no means been any official medical trials exploring the consequences of THC as a most cancers remedy. Many of the analysis entails the adjunctive use of THC-containing merchandise alongside standard most cancers therapies.

There’s additionally been a wide range of in vitro research displaying promising outcomes towards several types of most cancers — together with breast most cancers [6], mind most cancers [7], lung most cancers [8], prostate most cancers [9], and others.

5. THC & Urge for food

Elevated urge for food is greater than only a cliché — there are some reputable functions for the appetite-stimulating results of marijuana.

The principle use for this impact is for individuals experiencing side-effects from different medicines comparable to chemotherapy — by which poor urge for food is a typical and extreme facet impact.

There are a number of totally different cannabinoids that improve urge for food — however THC is each the strongest and most prevalent. This goes in contradiction with CBD — which has been proven to cut back urge for food as an alternative.

Most of the research on urge for food contain most cancers sufferers or HIV sufferers — each of which generally expertise poor urge for food as a facet impact of the situation or the medicines concerned with treating the illness.

In a single examine, HIV sufferers given THC (inhaled) had decrease ranges of peptide PYY (an urge for food suppressant) and elevated ranges of leptin and ghrelin [10].

Key Takeaways: What’s Delta 9 THC?

Delta 9 THC is the first psychoactive cannabinoid within the marijuana plant. It’s additionally the ingredient within the plant that’s sparked probably the most controversy over the previous 80 years and the explanation why the hashish plant is taken into account a Schedule I drug.

THC is psychoactive — which implies it produces delicate to reasonable adjustments in notion, temper, and better cognitive perform.

To today, merchandise containing THC are banned all through a lot of the world. There are just a few exceptions (comparable to Canada or Uruguay) the place THC merchandise are authorized for each medical and leisure use. Many of the world (together with the US) require a medical license earlier than you should use merchandise that comprise THC.

Even non-psychoactive CBD merchandise comprise small quantities of THC — nonetheless, the focus is properly beneath the psychoactive threshold.

THC has many advantages — starting from nervousness or epilepsy reduction to stimulating creativity and introspection. In the event you’re occupied with attempting THC merchandise, ensure you’re acquainted with the efficient dose, dangers and side-effects, and native legal guidelines earlier than you get began.

Sources Cited in This Article

  1. Thompson, G. R., Rosenkrantz, H., Schaeppi, U. H., & Braude, M. C. (1973). Comparability of acute oral toxicity of cannabinoids in rats, canine, and monkeys. Toxicology and utilized pharmacology, 25(3), 363-372.
  2. Brodie, M. J., Barry, S. J. E., Bamagous, G. A., Norrie, J. D., & Kwan, P. (2012). Patterns of remedy response in newly identified epilepsy. Neurology, 78(20), 1548-1554.
  3. Friedman, D., & Devinsky, O. (2015). Cannabinoids within the remedy of epilepsy. New England Journal of Drugs, 373(11), 1048-1058.
  4. Kaufman, P. L. (1998). Marijuana and glaucoma. Archives of Ophthalmology, 116(11), 1512-1513.
  5. Tomida, I., Azuara-Blanco, A., Home, H., Flint, M., Pertwee, R. G., & Robson, P. J. (2006). Impact of sublingual software of cannabinoids on intraocular stress: a pilot examine. Journal of glaucoma, 15(5), 349-353.
  6. McAllister, S. D., Christian, R. T., Horowitz, M. P., Garcia, A., & Desprez, P. Y. (2007). Cannabidiol as a novel inhibitor of Id-1 gene expression in aggressive breast most cancers cells. Molecular most cancers therapeutics, 6(11), 2921-2927.
  7. Marcu, J. P., Christian, R. T., Lau, D., Zielinski, A. J., Horowitz, M. P., Lee, J., … & Yount, G. L. (2010). Cannabidiol enhances the inhibitory results of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol on human glioblastoma cell proliferation and survival. Molecular most cancers therapeutics, 9(1), 180-189.
  8. McAllister, S. D., Christian, R. T., Horowitz, M. P., Garcia, A., & Desprez, P. Y. (2007). Cannabidiol as a novel inhibitor of Id-1 gene expression in aggressive breast most cancers cells. Molecular most cancers therapeutics, 6(11), 2921-2927.
  9. Díaz-Laviada, I. (2011). The endocannabinoid system in prostate most cancers. Nature Evaluations Urology, 8(10), 553.
  10. Riggs, P. Ok., Vaida, F., Rossi, S. S., Sorkin, L. S., Gouaux, B., Grant, I., & Ellis, R. J. (2012). A pilot examine of the consequences of hashish on urge for food hormones in HIV-infected grownup males. Mind Analysis, 1431, 46-52.